Speciesspecific ssr alleles for studies of hybrid cattails typha latifolia x t. Highlights typha latifolia fruits were used for skin treatment. Typha latifolia form dense monocultures when there is a wetland disturbance. The species is monoecious individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant and is pollinated by wind. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Typhaceae, also known as cattail, is a globally distributed aquatic plant genus. Cattailsspread both vegetatively and by seed, particularly. Speciesspecific ssr alleles for studies of hybrid cattails typha latifolia. Genetic diversity of typha latifolia typhaceae and the. Early winter analysis showed that rhizomes and roots contained large amounts of starch 45. Typhaceae in north america article pdf available in american journal of botany 9712.
Typha latifolia bullseg, bulseg, suitipillie, bulwand is a perennial yerbaceous plant in the genus typha. Histochemical determinations for storage of carbohydrates in rhizomes, roots, and young shoots of typha latifolia l. Plants profile for typha latifolia broadleaf cattail. Experimental and natural hybrids in north america typha typhaceae. A flavonol glucoside from typha latifolia sciencedirect. This stalk is light green to green, glabrous, stiff, and round in crosssection terete. Keys to the flora of florida 15, typha typhaceae daniel b. They can be separated based on wider female inflorescence in the common cattail and the physical. Download includes an excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a pdf explaining the background and nomenclature.
More comprehensive analyses using additional poales plastid genome sequences are needed to better understand the patterns and causes of genome evolution in this group. Typha domingensis, typha angustifolia, typha latifolia, hybrids, ohio. Typha angustifolia generally occurs in deeper water than typha latifolia. Written findings of the washington state noxious weed control board draft july, 20 scientific name. Typha latifolia seeds bullrush, bullrush, broadleaf cattail, common cattail, great reedmace, cat o nine tails. The story of cattail invasions in midwest national parks. Pdf identifying pollen grains of typha latifolia, typha. The scientific name of broadleaf cattail is typha latifolia l. Pdf lectotypification of typha angustifolia typhaceae. Broadleaf cattail hybridizes with both other north american cattail species, narrowleaved cattail t. Typhaceae of north america update, database version 2010 acquired.
Molecular signatures of two cattail species, typha domingensis and typha latifolia typhaceae, in south florida. In canada, broadleaf cattail occurs in all provinces and also in the yukon and northwest. Wick and spray applications of roundup followed by manual clipping of all cattail stems. Typha latifolia, called common cattail, is native to marshes, swamps and wetlands in north america, europe and asia. Typhaceae were conducted during the overwintering period from november to april. It is the common cattail found throughout the state of missouri. There are about 30 species of cattails, which are monocots belonging to the family, typhaceae. Revised phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cosmopolitan. Cattail family species scientific name scientific name typha latifolia linnaeus l. Water depth can be an important factor structuring wetland plant communities, which often include cattails typha spp.
Typhaceae cattail family typha latifolia common cattail typha angustifolia narrowleaved cattail our two species of cattails. Typha latifolia are very densely packed with tiny flowers, male flowers in top cluster and female flowers in bottom cluster uof, 2005. Tracheophyta magnoliopsida typhaceae typha typha latifolia ecology a rhizomatous perennial growing as an emergent in shallow water or on exposed mud at the edge of lakes, ponds, canals and ditches and less frequently by streams and rivers. This cattail is an obligate wetland species that is commonly found in the northern hemisphere in brackish locations. Plants profile for typha angustifolia narrowleaf cattail. Typha latifolia l this species is accepted, and its native range is temp.
Pdf new names of typha of northern eurasia typhaceae. Genetic diversity at variablenumbertandemrepeat vntr loci was examined in the common cattail,typha latifolia typhaceae, using three synthetic dna probes composed of tandemly repeated core sequences gaca, gata, and gcac. Typha latifolia l university of california, irvine. Typha is the scientific name, or genus, of all the cattail species found in wetlands of the world. These plants have a variety of common names, in british english as bulrush or reedmace, in american english as reed, cattail, or punks, in australia as cumbungi or bulrush, in canada as bulrush or cattail, and in new zealand as raupo. Because 1 structural features change during development, 2 genetic plasticity allows variation within species, and 3 because the. Foliage leaves are linear, erect, light green to greyish in color, thick, swordshaped, and flat with a sheath near the base. Tracheophyta magnoliopsida typhaceae typha typha latifolia. This page was last edited on 17 august 2016, at 15.
Typha latifolia is a perennial herb, from a creeping rhizome, 12. Typha latifolia reedmace, broadleaf cattail, bullrush. It grows in a variety of aquatic habitats on all continents. It is found as a native plant species in north and south america, europe, eurasia, and africa. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Varieties subspecies cultivar common synonyms massula latifolia l. Typhaceae typha reforestation, nurseries and genetics. Note that the pdf version is the booklet as published, whereas the excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. They are often a nuisance but also perform an important function in keeping a lake healthy by filtering the runoffs. Typha angustifolia online atlas of the british and irish flora. Pdf the nomenclature of some fossil and extant homonyms of typha typhaceae is resolved.
Typha latifolia is a very invasive plant spreading freely at the roots when in a suitable site. Typha latifolia, kashmir himalaya, indian subcontinent. Oglucoside, together with the known isorhamnetin 3oglucoside and 3oneohesperidoside. Typha angustifolia x domingensis, known as hybrid swarms in. Provided by usda nrcs wetland science institute wsi. Updated for itis by the flora of north america expertise network, in connection with an update for usda plants 20072010 reference for. The trouble with typha the story of cattail invasions in midwest national parks. In eastern north america, native typha latifolia regularly hybridizes with introduced t. Flora and insect trace fossils from the miopliocene. Chromatographic separation of the butanolsoluble part of the methanol extract of typha latifolia leaves resulted in the isolation of a new flavonoid, 3,3. Implications of the plastid genome sequence of typha. Appearance typha latifolia is a perennial aquatic herb that can reach up to 6. Ecological framework for typha latifolia the table below shows the speciesspecific information calculated from original data bec database provided by the bc ministry of forests and range. Typha latifolia has 623 mm wide leaves that are flat, sheathing, and pale.
Southern cattail, typha domingensis is reported for the first time from ohio. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120326 which reports it as an accepted name record 271005 with original publication details. The hybrid is vigorous and invasive and it can be the dominant plant in some marshes, such as along lake erie. Typha angustifolia is very infrequent and is believed to be of recent introduction. Typha xglauca, typha latifolia, biologie des mauvaises herbes. Common cattail typha latifolia cattail family typhaceae description. Typhaceae, or cattails, includes 10 to 15 species and comprises highly productive. Five heterodisperse polysaccharide fractions were obtained differing in their monosaccharide composition. Niche differentiation between two rhizomatous plant species. Typha latifolia online atlas of the british and irish flora.
Typha latifolia was able to grow with both n sources at. This wellknown, deciduous, marginal water plant has upright, strapshaped leaves and in late summer, bears dark cream, terminal flower heads, followed by large, ornamental, dark brown, sausageshaped seed heads. Leaves are straight in the bottom half but twisted and spiral in the top uof, 1998. Typha latifolia seeds bullrush, bullrush, broadleaf. Typha angustifolia has fewer and larger rhizomes, resulting in a low rate of cloning but enabling it to grow in deeper water than typha latifolia. Typha typhaceae is represented in florida by 3 species and 1 hybrid. This perennial plant is about 49 tall and unbranched, consisting of 6 or more leaves and a flowering stalk. Typha latifolia broadleaf cattail, bulrush, common bulrush, common cattail, catoninetails, great reedmace, coopers reed, cumbungi is a perennial herbaceous plant in the genus typha. Typha latifolia broadleaf cattail wildflowers of the.
The rather pale green leaves of this species generally lose their color and turn brown in drying. This is fine when growing in its native habitat, but the plant can become a serious weeds in managed aquatic systems worldwide, where it can invade canals, ditches, reservoirs, cultivated fields, and farm ponds. Nebraska department of agriculture, bureau of plant industry. The population, growing with typha angustifolia, t. Typha angustifolia has a higher allocation to sexual reproduction. Typha latifolia impact information from gisd issg impact information regarding typha latifolia as an invasive species is provided from the global invasive species database. First, we present the complete plastid genome sequence of typha latifolia l. Spatial separation between hybridizing taxa can limit hybridization and introgression when mating occurs between near neighbours. The plants are protogynous, selfcompatible and rhizomatous. Experimental and natural hybrids in north american typha jstor. Pdf molecular signatures of two cattail species, typha.
Broadleaved cattail, tule espedilla, quenouille a feuilles larges erect shoots 150300 cm. Pdf speciesspecific ssr alleles for studies of hybrid. We isolated and characterized the watersoluble polysaccharides and tested their bioactivity on human skin cells. Typha latifolia cattails are among the most common of all aquatic plants. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern united states and adjacent canada. Typha latifolia occurs in coastal and valley marshes at elevations lower than 2,000 m. Typha latifolia generally occurs in shallower water than typha angustifolia.44 674 91 47 87 519 1498 1060 1376 2 536 1413 825 105 680 140 487 783 841 191 398 1257 1020 1153 1320 1039 659 116 347 410 509 1413 900 719