Bacon s rebellion stono rebellion city upon a hill cotton mather puritanism quakers. Pontiac, chief of the ottawas, united a coalition of american indian tribes to resist british rule in the great lakes region and ohio valley. Pontiac s uprising at the end of the french and indian war, france abandoned its outpost at fort detroit, in what is presentday michigan. Pontiacs rebellion against the british page 3 legends. American history test 2 answer key question 1worth 1. After failing to take the fort in their initial assault, pontiac s forces, made up of ottawas and reinforced by wyandots, ojibwas, and potawatamis. Pontiacs uprising in 1763, in response to british settlers encroaching on first nations lands. If this timeline is too detailed, check the key events of the pontiac rebellion, which are a summary of the years 17631766 events prior to pontiacs rebellion. Silent drums pontiac s rebellion 17631765 by roarke, mike. She had been employed by the commandant to make him a pair of moccasins out of elk skin and brought them into the fort finished, on the evening of the day on which pontiac made his appearance and application for a. Never come to peace again campaigns and commanders series. French colonization was late developing because of internal religious and political conflict. At the opening of the revolution, they boldly asserted their freedom from the yoke of their.
The american colonists were happy with this, hoping to expand into the new territory. Pontiacs rebellion was a war launched in 1763 by native americans indians who were dissatisfied with british rule in the great lakes region and the ohio country after the british victory in the french and indian war. Students will interpret primary sources concerning pontiacs rebellion. He led a rebellion against the british colonists after they expanded their military presence in. As the french and the english battle for the northeast territory, trapper sam watley and his son, thad, come to the ohio river valley to trade, but sam soon becomes.
Pontiac s uprising 1763 bloody campaign waged by ottawa chief pontiac to drive the british out of ohio country. American reaction to this measure was immediate and heated. One large battle called pontiacs rebellion went on even after the europeans called a ceasefire. Pontiac s rebellion was a native american uprising against the british following the french and indian war. Chief pontiac s perspective pontiac s rebellion overview lesson sequence. Shifting from councils at frontier outposts to deliberations at whitehall, dowd elucidates the contradictions in british policy toward indian sovereignty that helped ignite the conflict. Indians attacks see chief pontiac proclamation line 1763. Although pontiacs revolt was a military failure, in many ways it was a diplomatic success. One of the prime results of pontiac s rebellion was the decision of british policymakers to issue the proclamation of 1763, a measure designed to shut down white settlement of the west until organizational reforms could be effected. After failing to take the fort in their initial assault.
Pontiacs rebellion against the british page 2 legends. Treaty of paris the treaty of paris ended the french and indian war in north america, granting the britain control of all land to the east of the mississippi river. Pontiac called on the indians to repudiate all european ways and return to their native traditions. The project gutenberg ebook of the conspiracy of pontiac, by. In fact, many colonists purchased new land deeds or were granted them as part of their military service. List of books and articles about pontiacs conspiracy. Its causes, course, and consequence, 17631765 is a. Warriors from numerous tribes joined the uprising in an effort to drive british soldiers and settlers out of the region. Patrick spero, historian, explores the western roots of. N estled in the heart of antrim township, franklin county, is a monument memorializing pennsylvania pioneers and the toils and trials eleven early settlers endured. Pontiacs war also known as pontiacs conspiracy or pontiacs rebellion was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of american indian tribes, primarily from the great lakes region, the illinois country, and ohio country who were dissatisfied with british policies in the great lakes region following the french and indian war 17541763. Pontiac s forces then moved eastward, attacking settlements in western pennsylvania, maryland, and virginia, killing more than 2000 colonists.
The siege of fort pitt took place during june and july 1763 in what is now the city of pittsburgh, pennsylvania, united states. Pontiac s rebellion ended in a draw in 1765, but the often genocidal actions on both sides seem to have led both sides to conclude that segregation and not interaction should characterize relations between indians and whites. These native american tribes were mainly from the great lakes region, illinoise country, and the ohio country a. The british government s attempt to prohibit colonial expansion across the. Pablo sarria quezada pablosarriaquezada ruby ross rubyross2. Following the french and indian war, the british wanted to end the american indian pushback known as pontiac s rebellion. After the great war for empire, pontiac rebelled because of the continuing encroachments on his people s lands by englishspeaking settlers. They opposed british expansion into the western ohio valley and began destroying british forts in the area. Elite bias in creditor battle over debtsbonds shay s rebellion strong central. The war began in 1763 when native americans attacked a number of british forts and angloamerican settlements.
The siege was a part of pontiacs war, an effort by native americans to. At the end of the french and indian war 17561763, france gave much of the ohio and mississippi valley along with canada to the british. Pontiacs uprising article about pontiacs uprising by. When the british took control of the old northwest following the french and indian war, ottawa chief pontiac masterminded and led a rebellion against them. Pontiacs rebellion begins when a confederacy of native american warriors under ottawa chief pontiac attacks the british force at detroit. Specifically, he seeks to provide an updated, detailed narrative of pontiac s uprising that explains why his students frontier ancestors in pennsylvania took up the cause of american independence. This war was initiated in 1763 by the confederation of elements of native american tribes a. Answer key question 1 worth 1 points which of the following statements most accurately characterizes pontiac s rebellion. Pontiac s rebellion apush questions will likely center on the impact of the uprising rather than the details of the conflict itself.
First published in 1947, pontiac and the indian uprising is a product of his time. Pontiac, ottawa indian chief who became a great intertribal leader when he organized a combined resistanceknown as pontiac s war 176364to british power in the great lakes area. Never come to peace again, the first complete account of pontiac s uprising to appear in nearly fifty years, is a richly detailed account of the causes, conduct, and consequences of events that proved pivotal in american colonial history. Pontiacs uprising demonstrated the viability of pantribal cooperation in the struggle against. Although pontiac and a few of his supporters did gain admission, the attack never took place. So the eastern elites, including proindian quakers, dispatched a.
Little is known of pontiac s early life, but by 1755 he had become a tribal chief. These tribes were extremely dissatisfied with the british post war politics in the great lake region after the british victory in the seven year. Identify the central questions the historical narrative addresses. By may 27, the uprising reached the tribes near fort pitt, and there were many. On july 26, 1764, four delaware lenape american indians entered a settlers log schoolhouse in the province of pennsylvania and killed the schoolmaster, enoch brown, and nine students, wounded two other students and kidnapped four others. Buy a cheap copy of silent drums pontiac s rebellion the. British and colonial traders began to cross the appalachian mountains and push into the ohio river valley.
The british took control of fort detroit and imposed a number of changes that dissatisfied the various native american tribes that inhabited the great lakes region and had allied with france. A british commander used the harsh tactics of distributing blankets infected with smallpox to suppress pontiac s indian uprising. A decisive battle of pontiac s rebellion middle school. A journal of an indian captivity during pontiacs rebellion in the. The war was named after pontiac, the most prominent leader among the natives. It comes to american heritage from a new york book dealer, miss emily driscoll, and has been edited by a noted authority on the history of the great lakes. He looks at the circumstances that motivated and encouraged him, and finally, at pontiac s. The following letter provides context for pontiac s uprising. Pontiac s war begins an indian leader, pontiac, led ottawa indians in attacks against british forts near the great lakes, eight of which they sacked successfully.
I have one unread book of many sitting in my library covering pontiac s rebellion. Chapters 3 and 4 federalists and republicans, the constitutionality of the bank washington s farewell address unit test october 2 chapters 69 test format during class will be multiple choice. Pontiac and the indian uprising great lakes books series. Extension activity create a comic book telling the story of pontiacs rebellion. The pennsylvania center for the book enoch brown school. Their intention was to take part in the profitable fur trade that the french had. Pontiac s uprising demonstrated the viability of pantribal cooperation in the struggle against europeanamerican territorial expansionism and contributed to the deterioration of relations between great britain and its north american colonies. After extensive discussions, pontiac agreed to come east and he concluded a formal peace treaty with johnson at fort niagara in july 1766. Pontiacs rebellion and proclamation of 1763 slideshare. Explain to the students that after the british took control of north america and detroit after the french and indian war, life was very different for the people who had lived in detroit under the french. These tribes were basically dissatisfied with the infamous british postwar policies after the french and indian war. Pontiacs rebellion against the british however, an indian woman betrayed the secret. Students will interpret primary sources concerning pontiac s rebellion.
Skill summary legend opens a modal the seven years war the french and indian war. Chapter 2 the constitution of the united states federalist number ten documentary history. Pontiac indian chief who led a postwar flareup in the ohio river valley and. Britain and publish a book of verse and subsequently wrote other polished poems that. Ottawa chief pontiacs rebellion against the british. The conflict known as pontiac s uprising, which lasted from 1763 until 1766, erupted out of this volatile atmosphere. Ottawa chief pontiac s rebellion against the british begins. Pontiac s rebellion iroquois nation proclamation of 1763 sugar act wool act molasses act stamp act.
Pontiac s rebellion, pontiacs conspiracy, or pontiac s war, 176366, native american uprising against the british just after the close of the french and indian wars, so called after one of its leaders, pontiac. Notes on the pontiacs rebellion a pontiacsrebellionwar. The monument marks the spot where schoolmaster enoch brown and ten of his students were brutally killed in a massacre that historian francis parkman called an outrage unmatched in fiendish atrocity through all the annals. The siege of fort detroit was an ultimately unsuccessful attempt by north american indians to capture fort detroit during pontiac s rebellion. Pontiac and the indian uprising howard henry peckham. Without assistance from the french, however, pontiac s rebellion petered out by the year s end.
Historian richard middleton described the massacre as one of the most notorious incidents of pontiac s war. Pontiac and the proclamation of 1763 essential question. Instead the fort was besieged until the end of october, when pontiac s forces surrendered and he himself left for illinois. Umbc center for history education teaching american history lesson plans. Pontiac s rebellion 1763 an indian uprising after the french and indian war, led by an ottowa chief named pontiac. It was the bridge that linked the seven years war with the american. For dixon, pontiac s uprising was far more than a bloody interlude between great britain s two wars of the eighteenth century. Pontiacs rebellion was actually a war executed by elements belonging to a loose confederation of various native american tribes of the great lakes region, the ohio and illinois countries back in 1763. Go here for pontiacs rebellion in a nutshell go here for more about pontiac. It was brutally crushed by british troops, who resorted to distributing blankets infected with small pox as means to put down the rebellion. Pontiacs rebellion, pontiacs conspiracy, or pontiacs war, 176366, native american uprising against the british just after the close of the french and indian wars french and indian wars, 16891763, the name given by american historians to the north american colonial wars between great britain and france in the late 17th and the 18th cent. Howard peckham examines how pontiac was able to lead four tribes to war and inspire the revolt of many more. This is the thread that is dedicated to the discussion of pontiacs rebellion. Causes the french attitude toward the native americans had always been more conciliatory than that of.31 1332 554 767 1264 1130 1109 362 1320 828 1060 597 1188 194 284 152 1135 345 538 693 919 500 700 110 798 546 1210 924 546 1493 45 551 316 376 394