Synchronous reluctance motor ideal for pumphydraulic applications. The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an unrestrained piece of iron will move to complete a magnetic flux path with minimum reluctance, the magnetic analog of electrical resistance. Permanent magnet synchronous motor, pmsm is a kind of synchronous motor in which permanent magnet is used as rotor to create field poles. This motor is called a pm assisted reluctance synchronous motor. As we can see from the equation, the synchronous speed depends on the frequency of the supply and the number of poles. Synchronous reluctance motordrive package for machine. Jun 16, 2016 basically the synchronous reluctance motor is a true ac rotating field machine, requiring a balanced polyphase sinusoidal supply into a distributed winding, which for all intents and purposes is identical to that of the induction machine of the same power rating. To achieve this a suitable theoretical model is essential, thus a simple but complete motor model is developed. Practical basics of synchronous motors that every electrical. Both are synchronous machines where one we use as a motor and the other as a generator. The results include a detailed comparative analysis of the performance values of various modes of the developed synchronous reluctance motor and. Mathematical analysis consider an elementary reluctance motor as shown in the fig. The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an unrestrained piece of iron will move to complete a magnetic flux path with minimum reluctance, the magnetic analog of electrical resistance synchronous reluctance. The operation of reluctance motor with diagram a media to.
Construction and principles of operation the slosyn motor is unique in that it has the capability of being operated as an ac synchronous, constant speed motor or as a phase switched dc stepper motor. This means, the rotor always tries to align along the lowest reluctance path. The threephase synchronous reluctance motor synrm is presented as a possible alternative in allelectric ship applications. Unlike synchronous motor, there is no filed winding on the. The rotor of a reluctance motor is a squirrel cage with some rotor teeth removed in the certain places to provide the. Although introduced over a century ago, electric motors continue to experience bursts of innovation and recent years have seen remarkable progress in electric motor efficiency improvements. Switched reluctance motors the structure of a switched reluctance motor is shown below. As the name suggests, a switching inverter is required for the operation of switched reluctance motor. The results include a detailed comparative analysis of the performance. The results include a detailed comparative analysis of the performance values of various modes of the developed synchronous reluctance motor and the series induction motor of the same power made. It carries the armature winding in which the voltage is generated. Rather than using a traditional 3phase configuration, i was interested in investigating a highphase order machine with each stator slot corresponding to an individually controlled phase. Speed, position and torque control of an srmotor just like advantages and disadvantages.
The construction of a synchronous motor is very similar to the construction of an alternator. Pdf design of synchronous reluctance motor for hybrid. Unit 1 synchronous reluctance motors constructional. Future of wood drying, synchronous reluctance synrm motors in wood drying applications english, finnish pdf leaflet. Special electrical machines book chapter iopscience. Reluctance synchronous machines and drives monographs in. Because of inherent simplicity, robustness of construction and low cost. We discuss the operating principle of a reluctance motor the mn curve and the power circuit. Design of synchronous reluctance motor for hybrid electric vehicles conference paper pdf available in ieee transactions on industry applications 514. Reluctance motor subtypes include synchronous, variable, switched and variable stepping. A reluctance motor is a type of electric motor that induces nonpermanent magnetic poles on the ferromagnetic rotor. Construction of a synchronous machine construction of a synchronous machine, i. Such motors are not selfstarting if started from a fixed frequency power source such as 50 or 60 hz as found in an industrial setting.
The stator poles have concentrated winding rather than sinusoidal winding. Analytical design of a synchronous reluctance motor srm. Synchronousreluctancemotorsanddrives download synchronousreluctancemotorsanddrives ebook pdf or read online books in pdf, epub, and mobi format. In the last years, the switched reluctance machines srms have been the subject of significant developments. A stepper motor is designed to make it suitable for open loop position and. We know about different types of synchronous motors, apart from all these motor works based on reluctance. The mechanical construction is exactly the same as the alternator shown in figure 2. Sr motor principle and related torque general equation. As the torque angle increases, the reluctance torque also increases. Download pdf synchronousreluctancemotorsanddrives free.
The basic construction of pmsm is same as that of synchronous motor. Up to 94% efficiency, much more efficient than acim alternate current induction motormachine in all speed. Pdf study of the synchronous reluctance motor design. Construction of switched reluctance motor variable. A technological and smart solution for ever increasing demand for high efficiency and cost reduction. Synchronous reluctance motor intoduction concepts youtube. Just like any other motor, the synchronous motor also has a stator and a rotor. This motor works on the principle of variable reluctance. This type of motor starts and comes up near synchronous speed as an induction motor, then pulls into synchronism and runs at synchronous speed as a reluctance motor. With continued research, different topologies have emerged presenting less torque ripple, high efficiency, high. Construction of permanent magnet synchronous motor pmsm. The structure of reluctance motor is same as that of salient pole synchronous machine as shown in fig. Switched reluctance motor srm is also known as variable reluctance motor. If load is excessive motor may not pull into synchronism and if already running it may pull out of synchronism.
In either case, it is classified as a permanent magnet inductor motor. The stator of the motor has the main and auxiliary winding. What are the applications of synchronous reluctance motor. There will also be a brief explanation to what is the purpose of the part that is described. Written by one of the leading authorities in the field, this book explores the potential of reluctance synchronous machines, an emerging type of motor which fully exploits the advantages of power electronics and new materials. The stator has 30 slots, so each coil has a 180 degree pitch. The advantages of the synchronous reluctance motor ee. This paper presents the results of the development and pilot study of the highly efficient synchronous reluctance motor. Srms are gaining much interest because of their simplicity in structures, highoutput power, high starting torque, wide speed range, rugged and robust construction, reliability, and low manufacturing costs, which make these machines viable for many applications. Isbn 97895352677, eisbn 97895352684, pdf isbn 9789535147848, published 20170621.
Ee2403 special electrical machines a course material on. Construction of a synchronous machine circuit globe. Rotor design of linestart synchronous reluctance motor to. The rotor hosts the armature winding that is composed of conductors inserted in. Permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor. It generates torque on the principle, that any unmagnetised magnetic material will try to align itself along the path of least magnetic reluctance path. This is a 4phase machine with 4 stator pole pairs and 3 rotorpole pairs 86 motor. Up to 94% efficiency, much more efficient than acim alternate current induction motor machine in all speed. Switched reluctance motor construction and working. Permanent magnet synchronous and brushless dc motor drives. Reluctance motor a single phase synchronous reluctance motor is basically the same as the single cage type induction motor. The synchronous reluctance motor is also presented highlighting its industrial application. Synchronousreluctance drive system from siemens in. Thus finally the reluctance motor runs as a synchronous motor.
The load inertia should be within the limits, for proper effectiveness. Synchronous reluctance motors synrms have neither winding of excitation. The synchronous reluctance motor magnetic reluctance is the magnetic. Ee2403 special electrical machines sce department of electrical and electronics engineering because there is no rotor copper loss. Pdf efficiency analysis of synchronous reluctance motors. We consider construction, vector control and torque and power characteristics of this type of motor. It differs from the asynchronous motor in that the flux in the air gap is not due to a component of the stator current. Ppt of srm electric motor inductor scribd read books. Oct 18, 2017 srm is a special type of ac synchronous motor. Switched reluctance motor srm is gaining much interest in industrial applications such as wind energy systems and electric vehicles due to its simple and rugged construction, high. A 3phase synchronous motor as shown in the figure below generates an electrically rotating field in the stator. However, due to mechanical, as well as operational reasons, permanent magnets in synchronous machines are restricted to those with ratings much lower than large turbinedriven generators, which is the subject of this book. The reluctance motor is a type of synchronous machine.
Switched reluctance motor concept, control and applications. Where, n s synchronous speed, f supply frequency and p number of poles. Synchronous motors controlled by variablespeed drives are. The synchronous reluctance motor has no synchronous starting torque and runs up from stand still by induction action. Therefore, this dissertation first deals with the design optimization of the permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor pmasynrm. Synchronous motor an overview sciencedirect topics. Rotor design of linestart synchronous reluctance motor to improve starting performance seunghyoung ha1, jungpyo hong1, jiyoung lee1, hyuk nam2, gyuhong kang3 dept. The resistance of the rotor must be very small and the combined inertia of the rotor and the load should be small to run the motor as a synchronous motor. Synchronous reluctance motor electric motor rotating. Although the ratio may be increased to 9one half by proper design of the field windings, power factor and.
Here is a view of a synrm synchronous reluctance motor in order to understand the working principle of such motor, you should realise that the synrm rotor has neither a conducting short circuit cageas the im doesnor permanent magnets or field. A synrm rotor has neither a conducting short circuit cage as with the im, nor permanent magnets, nor a field excitation winding. The output of the machine is taken from the stator. The reluctance synchronous machine rsm is considered as an alternative. We will look into the construction details of the various parts one by one in detail. Synchronous reluctance motor experimental system youtube.
A reluctance motor is a type of synchronous electric motor. Design aspects of a 50hp 6pole synchronous reluctance motor for. Reluctance motors can deliver high power density at low cost, making them. The angle between stator poles and rotor poles of opposite polarity is called as torque angle. Commercially available traction reluctance machines applications have. It generates torque through magnetic reluctance reluctance motor subtypes include synchronous, variable, switched and variable stepping. Generatorno load and load characteristics, types of excitation, armature reaction, use of interpoles and pole phase compensating winding only qualitative treatment.
The stator of the single phase reluctance and induction motor are same. Synchronous reluctance motors process performance motors. Sometimes it may also be called the ipm reluctance synchronous motor. Synchronous motors are so called because they operate at only one speed, i. Permanent magnet synchronous motor pmsm construction and. Inspire a love of reading with prime book box for kids discover delightful childrens books with prime book box, a subscription that delivers new books every 1, 2, or 3 months new customers receive 15% off your first box. Moreover, in this machine, anisotropic structure of the rotor eliminates use of cage. Permanent magnet synchronous motor pmsm construction. The reluctance motor has basically two main parts called stator and rotor. When the rotor rotates at its maximum speed, it aligns with the stator synchronous magnetic field due to reluctance torque. Reluctance motors have approximately one third the hp rating they would have as induction motors with cylindrical rotors. Download synchronousreluctancemotorsanddrives ebook pdf or read online books in pdf, epub, and mobi format. Of synchronous machines the synchronous electrical generator also called alternator belongs to the family of electric rotating machines.
Here we will discuss construction and working principle of reluctance motor. The rotor has neither windings nor permanent magnets. Both are synchronous machines where one we use as a motor. With continued research, different topologies have emerged presenting less torque ripple, high. It has wound field coils of a dc motor for its stator windings and has no coils or magnets on its rotor. The basic features of this motor with regard to the other types of motors are shown.
The structure of the motor and specifically the structure of its rotor are analyzed, while the basic operating principles are presented and references on. A reluctance motor torque is produced due to the tendency of the rotor to align itself in the minimum reluctance position, when the speed of the motor is close to the synchronous speed. Click download or read online button to synchronousreluctancemotorsanddrives book pdf for free now. Dc motorscharacteristics including derivation of shunt, series and compound motors and their applications, speed control of shunt and series motors, testing of d. Synchronous reluctance motor electric motor rotating machines. Mar 19, 2018 the construction of a synchronous motor is very similar to the construction of an alternator. If the rotating field of a large synchronous motor with salient poles is deenergized, it will still develop 10 or 15% of synchronous torque. A singlephase linestart synchronous reluctance motor lssynrm has both conductor bars and flux barriers in the rotor. This paper covers reluctance machine theoretical background, rotor. Unlike a conventional synchronous motor, both the rotor and stator of a switched reluctance motor have salient poles. Instead, the magnetic principle of reluctance is utilized. Jun 16, 2018 permanent magnet synchronous motor, pmsm is a kind of synchronous motor in which permanent magnet is used as rotor to create field poles. Other members of the family are the directcurrent dc motor or generator, the induction motor or generator, and a number of derivatives of all these three.
Basically the synchronous reluctance motor is a true ac rotating field machine, requiring a balanced polyphase sinusoidal supply into a distributed winding, which for all intents and purposes is identical to that of the induction machine of the same power rating. Based on the space vector diagram we alter the torque expressions. In transient state from start to reach synchronous speed, the motor characteristics are determined by conductor bars, and the characteristic profile has an irregular form as shown in fig. This is about construction and working principle of reluctance motor. It is fraction of the total torque with the motor operating. Like the asynchronous motor, the synchronous motor consists of a stator and a rotor separated by the air gap. Synchronous reluctance machine design 1 1 introduction the purpose of this report is to present information necessary for developing a suitable synchronous reluctance motor synrm rotor geometry design procedure. The theory used in the work was collected by studying literature on how electrical motors work, and by simplifying the explanations to suit the intended reader. Download complete pdf book, the epub book or the kindle book. In terms of efficiency and power density, synchronous reluctance motors synrms represent a major step forward in sustainable electric motor technology. In fact, a given synchronous machine may be used, at least theoretically, as an alternator, when driven mechanically or as a motor, when driven electrically, just as in the case of d.1176 392 1473 213 1327 788 1476 1610 1589 181 1479 281 796 405 332 546 826 719 147 1261 738 334 1406 136 1571 1430 249 827 46 1312 354 1111 83 578 427 1137 102